Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines for Mining Activities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:
Mohammad A.M. Almadani, Abdulrahman A. Al-Hawi, Osama A. Al-Shaikh, Mohammad M. Al-Dabbagh, with the Assistance of A.H. Al-Attas and A.M. Muhurjy
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the home of the largest non-fuel mineral deposits. Mineral resources are abundant in the form of base and industrial minerals. The Saudi Geological Survey (SGS), which is a consultant to the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on geologic matters, has been authorized to study geological aspects of environmental issues and to determine ways to protect and mitigate the harmful effects of mining activities. The manual is a result of the joint effort of the Saudi Geological Survey Mining Development Department and other sectors relevant to mining industry in the Kingdom. The intention is to provide all government agencies, the private sector, educational and research centers, experts and consultants, a set of guidelines for conducting environmental impact assessments (EIA) for mining projects in the Kingdom. The purpose of these guidelines is to identify the main factors to be considered when preparing an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study for mining projects. As each project is different, EIAs will be customized to reflect issues that are relevant and specific to the project. While not exhaustive, the guidelines contained in this document are meant to complement those regulations and environmental standards, and mining codes already in force in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Not all matters in these guidelines will be applicable to every proposal. The EIA must be tailored to suit the potential impacts of a specific proposal at a specific location(s), and it is essential to focus on relevant key issues. Use of this guideline alone will not be sufficient to prepare an EIA report. Reference should be made to relevant laws and other guidelines particularly those of the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment. Developers should be aware of their obligations under all laws and guidelines applicable to their situation. The environmental guidelines presented here are specific to mining activities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. These are intended to clearly and formally define the requirements for EIA for mining projects. As per our understanding and awareness of the environmental impact, these guidelines will be updated to reflect new ideas and issues.
Almadani, M.A.M., Al-Hawi, A.A., Al-Shaikh, O.A., and Al-Dabbagh, M.M., 2008, Environmental impact assessment guidelines for mining activities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: with the assistance of Al-Attas, A.H. and Muhurjy, A.M.; Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2008-1, 35 p., 2 figs. 8 tables, 2 apps.